By Karen Trapenberg Frick
On 17 October 1989 one the most important earthquakes to take place in California because the San Francisco earthquake of April 1906 struck Northern California. harm was once large, none extra so than the partial cave in of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge’s japanese span, an essential hyperlink utilized by millions of Californians each day.
The bridge was once closed for a month for maintenance after which reopened to site visitors. yet what ensued over the following 25 years is the intense tale that Karen Trapenberg Frick tells right here. it's a cautionary story to which any governing authority embarking on a megaproject should still pay heed.
She describes the method during which the bridge used to be ultimately changed as an workout in shadowboxing which pitted the mixed abilities and shortcomings, partnerships and jealousies, ingenuity and obtuseness, generosity and parsimony of the State’s and the region’s major elected officers, engineers, architects and different participants of the governing elites opposed to a jointly imagined destiny disaster of unknown proportions. In so doing she highlights 3 key questions:
If protection was once the explanation to switch the bridge, why did it take virtually 25 years to do so?
How did an unique estimate of $250 million in 1995 jump to $6.5 billion via 2014?
And why used to be the sort of complicated layout chosen?
Her ultimate bankruptcy – half epilogue, half mirrored image – presents strategies to enhance megaproject supply and design.
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Extra info for Remaking the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge: A Case of Shadowboxing with Nature (Planning, History and Environment Series)
Remaking the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge: A Case of Shadowboxing with Nature (Planning, History and Environment Series) by Karen Trapenberg Frick